Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan was a public figure in the true sense of the people. He was one of those brave sons of Mother India, who fought constantly against human values and humanity. He dedicated his whole life in realizing the imagination of socialist public welfare state and society.
When he was away from active politics, he came out in the field with the slogan of 'Emptying the throne' in 1974, then all the country followed him, as if a Saint is following the Mahatma. In 1999, he was awarded posthumously 'Bharat Ratna'. In addition, he was awarded the Magsaysay award for social service in 1965. Patna airport has been named after him. The Delhi Government's largest hospital, 'Loknayak Jay Prakash Hospital' is also named after him.
The entire life journey of Loknayak Jaiprakash ji is full of struggle and sadhana. There were many stops in it, they gave not only Indian politics but a new direction to the common life, created new standards. As such, changes in individual minds from spirituality, social work with politics and forcibly social reform They were favored by foreign power from the native power, from the system of native power, from the system to the person changes and the change in the person's morals.
He dreamed of gram swarajya in whole India and made tireless efforts to shape it. They believed in Indian politics to be called Kamal of service only in the mud of power. They did a lot for the Indian society but the values they wanted to establish in public life were not acceptable to the political parties of the country to a large extent. Because these values were in line with the challenge of the then political structure of politics, as well as the goal of eliminating the conditions of selfish and radicalization, the goal of establishing the spirit of nationalism and ethics was their goal, they wanted to make politics a medium of service.
Mahatma Gandhi was a fan of Jayaprakash's courage and patriotism. His escape from Hazaribagh Jail was quite popular and due to this he had become the emperor of innumerable youths. He was very emotional but was also a great revolutionary. They were favored for restraint, discipline and dignity. Therefore never violated the limit of limit. He did not leave his studies even in heterogeneous circumstances, and financial hardship did not even break his morale. It only denotes the commitment of any of his work, reflects his conviction.
Jaiprakash Narayan, born on the occasion of Dussehra, was an Indian freedom fighter and politician, on October 11, 1902 in the village of Sitabathiyara in Chhapra district of Bihar. He was a social worker, also known as 'Loknayak'. His father was Shri Devakiyal and mother Phulani. Mataji was a very devout and virtuous woman.
Jayprakash was the fourth child in his 3 brothers and 3 sisters It is said that their teeth did not go out for four years, then the parents started loving them with the name of Badl, but when they started speaking, they were stunned.
After completing his studies in the village, he came to Patna. From here on April 1919, he passed the examination of Entrance in first class. On 16th May, 1920, his marriage took place from Imphathi Devi. He had an ideal marriage without dowry and simplicity. In the meantime Mahatma Gandhi's non-cooperation movement was affected. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad heard in Patna in 1921, then started preparing to leave college to go to Sabarmati Ashram. From there, the Bihar University went away.
He did not do B.Sc. Kashi University because of this; Because it seemed like money from the British government. With the consent of the family, they went to Francis. He continued his studies while living self-reliant abroad. In December, the examination of second year of science engineering from the University of California passed 90 percent marks in a 6-month delay. Living with five-six students, worked at the factory and the hotel.
Where I studied from Ayoba University came to Chicago After entering University of Wisffin, he left science and studied sociology, where he was influenced by Marxist literature. They wanted to move to Russia and move forward to Marxist thinking, but in the event of sickness, he spent a thousand dollars on them. In such a situation, his wish remained incomplete.
In the state of Ohamo, in the daytime the teacher. With the graduation of 31 August 1928, they started teaching sociology at the university. Receiving an eighty thousand dollar salary, M.A. Six years after Oane in the US, he became a respected teacher named J.P. J.P. also wrote research management on social change. He continued to participate in the labor unions of the Communists here too.
During the preparation of PDD, she returned to India due to mother's unhealthiness. Come here and become active in politics. Meet Babu Rajendra Prasad and Nehruji here. On January 26, 1929, the siblings came to attend the Lahore session. Nehruji's appeal came to Allahabad. Motilal Nehru entrusted him with the charge of Swarajya Bhawan and the office of the Indian Congress Committee.
In 1938, the dispute in the Congress, when elected as the Speaker of Subhashji, made him very sad. He was sent to Jamshedpur jail on March 7, 1940. Here, on the arrival of his wife Imtabti, he was charged with giving the foot count in paper to the Hindustan Conspirator No. 1. After 33 days of hunger strike, he was released from Hazaribagh jail in November 1930.
In 1942, the Karo or Die movement was arrested for giving Gandhiji's support. From where they ran out of help with their dhoti On that, the British had rewarded 10 thousand rupees for them to catch alive or alive. Jaiprakash Narayan, a patient of Sainika, ran out of food after 48 hours. They were caught here before reaching Muzaffarpur at Karavadiya station. By leaving, he came to Delhi in the face of a nobleman. From here, he wrote many letters to the revolutionaries of the country and worked closely with the farmers and the laborers.
After independence, he stayed with Vinoba Bhave and done social reform work related to land reform. On 19th April 1956, the Sarvodaya movement was joined. In December 1960, participating in the International Conference of Beirut and suggested the creation of Peace Corps and the World Peace Brigade announced. For the freedom of North Rhodesia, he lived in India for a month in East Africa.
They also went to Pakistan for the possibility of friendship in Indo-Pak relations. There established the Pakistan Friendship Association. In 1966 he received Ramson prizes for his great work in Manila. 1968 and 69 also went to Russia, Afghanistan and Africa. On June 26, 1971, creating an environment in favor of making Bangladesh, came to Delhi.
From 1972, they surrendered 501 dangerous pirates of Chambal Valley. On April 13, 1973, his wife Pratishthi Devi died. In 1974 he led the students of Gujarat and Bihar to declare the Summer Revolution.
Jaiprakash Narayan was known for leading the Opposition against Indira Gandhi in 1970. In order to depose Indira Gandhi, she launched a movement called 'Sampoorn Kranti'. The Loknayak said that the entire revolution includes seven revolutions - political, economic, social, cultural, intellectual, academic and spiritual revolution. Together these seven revolutions bring a complete revolution. The heat of the whole revolution was so horrible that at the center the Congress had to lose power. On the hunt of Jaiprakash Narayan, the slogan of the youth went out on the streets. The spark of the whole revolution emerging from Bihar erupted as a fire in the corner of the country. Jaiprakash Narayan, popularly known as JP, had become synonymous with revolution in house-to-house. Lalmuni Chabe, Lalu Prasad, Nitish Kumar, Ram Vilas Paswan or Sushil Modi, all the leaders of today were part of the same youth Youth Conflict Vahini.
In 1977, when they opposed the Emergency, they were sent to jail. At the same time he founded the Janata Party Such age promoter, Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan, died on 9 October 1979 due to renal failure.
J.P. was a supporter of socialist, charitable and democratic life system. According to him, socialism is a lifelong method, which is a supporter of human freedom, equality, bondage and servility. Socialism is a full-fledged ideology of economic and social reconstruction, under the well-planned theory of which a balanced development of the entire society should be. Human beings with different qualities have to be liberated from exploitation, hunger and poverty.
He does not accept the role of a dictator in the path of socialism. Socialism includes the end of land tax, development of villages, nationalization, land donation, donation of property, village donation, protection of economic, cultural values and servo. He was a critic of corruption in the democracy.
The democracy is in truthfulness, dutifulness, independence, equality, responsibility, non-violent living. For the success of the democracy, it has to decentralize power and give importance to public interest by sacrificing personal interests.
They did not consider the parliamentary system as good Political parties considered the expensive, contaminated election system as a British government system. Where even in local cases the distance from the public was kept. They were opposed to accepting the democracy as dalantanta. The right person reached the Parliament, that was his idea. In this way, he appealed the ideological revolution.
Jai Prakash Narayan, who took the dream of establishing socialism, Sarvodaya and true democracy in the country, appealed students to stop studying for one year to bring about overall revolution. It started its impact in North India, but due to the government's suppressive policy and the malfunction of Jay Prakashji's health, it did not succeed. It is true that Jayaprakash was a public leader in true sense. After 1942, the credit for bringing such ideological revolution goes to Jayaprakash.
Regardless of their slogan, they are forgetting the principles of politics, because they have spread all the evils of these political parties and their leaders, the slogans and movements of the whole revolution to eliminate the objectives and evils. In the call for complete revolution, he said that 'eradicating corruption, eliminating unemployment, bringing revolution in education, etc. are things that can not be fulfilled by today's system because they are the result of this system. They can be fulfilled only when the entire system is changed and for the transformation of the entire system, the revolution, 'complete revolution' is necessary. 'Therefore, today a new whole revolution is needed. This revolution begins with improvement of the person and focuses on system reform. Anyone sitting on the chair, but the price must be installed. By doing so we will be able to give a true tribute to a great democrat.